President of the People's Republic of China
At right, at the APEC
meeting in October 2001
Zemin was born in August 1926, in Yangzhou
City, Jiangsu Province.
He participated in the student movement led by the underground
Party organizations in 1943, joined the Communist Party
of China in April 1946, and graduated from the Electrical
Engineering Department of Jiaotong University in Shanghai
After the liberation of Shanghai, he served as
associate engineer, section chief and power workshop director,
as well as Factory Party Secretary and first deputy director
of the Shanghai Yimin No. 1 Food Products Factory; first
deputy director of the Shanghai Soap Factory; and section
chief of electrical machinery of the Shanghai No. 2 Designing
Sub-bureau of the First Ministry of the Machine-building
In 1955 he went to the then Soviet Union and worked as
a trainee in the Stalin Automobile Plant in Moscow.
After his return home in 1956, he served as deputy chief
of the Power Division, deputy chief power engineer, and
director of a branch factory of the No.1 Auto Works in
After 1962 he served as deputy director of the Shanghai
Electrical Equipment Research Institute, director and
Acting Party Secretary of the Wuhan Thermo-Technical
Machinery Research Institute, then Deputy Director of
the Foreign Affairs Bureau, all affiliated with the First
Ministry of the Machine-building Industry.
After 1980 he served as Vice Chairman and Secretary-general
of the State Commission on the Administration of Imports
and Exports and the State Commission on the Administration
of Foreign Investment, as well as a member of their leading
After 1982 he served as First Vice Minister, then Minister,
and Deputy Secretary, then Secretary, of the Ministry
of Electronics Industry and its leading Party group, respectively.
Serving as Shanghai’s Mayor from 1985, he also
was Deputy Secretary and then Secretary of the Shanghai
Municipal Party Committee.
President Jiang was elected a member of the CPC Central
Committee at its 12th National Congress in September 1982
and a member of the Political Bureau at the First Plenary
Session of the 13th CPC Central Committee in November
1987. He was elected a member of the Standing Committee
of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and
its General Secretary in June 1989, at the Fourth
Plenary Session of the 13th Central Committee.
In November 1989 he was elected Chairman of the Military
Commission of the CPC Central Committee at its Fifth
Plenary Session. In March 1990 he was elected Chairman
of the Central Military Commission of the People’s Republic
of China (PRC) at the Third Session of the Seventh National
At the First Plenary Session of the 14th CPC Central Committee
held in October 1992, he was elected member and Standing
Committee Member of the Political Bureau, as well as General
Secretary and Chairman of the Military Commission
of the CPC Central Committee.
At the First Session of the Eighth National People's Congress
held in March 1993, he was elected President of
the PRC and Chairman of the Central Military Commission.
In September 1997, at the First Plenary Session of the
15th CPC Central Committee, he was elected member and
Standing Committee Member of the Political Bureau, as
well as General Secretary and Chairman of the Military
Commission of CPC's Central Committee.
At the First Session of the Ninth National People's Congress
held in March 1998, he was again elected President
of the PRC and Chairman of the Central Military Commission.
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